Acne scars are the scars which take place after severe or chronic acne. These scars are of different types ranging from deep pits too deep scars which generally have a wavelike or angular appearance. They differ in depth, type, and size.
Acne is caused due to multiple factors. Overproduction of sebum which is a normal oil present in the skin that will increase under the influence of hormones when coupled with the insufficient shedding of dead skin cells plugs the hair follicles. The plugged follicle can become inflamed and have increased growth of Propionibacterium acnes (normal skin bacteria).
When acne becomes chronic in nature it results in scarring which can appear to be depressions in the skin or hyperpigmentation, so minimizing the breakouts is important. Acne is disturbing and a very common skin disease which makes a person feel unhappy due to their appearance. Most people with spots are facing a medical condition called acne vulgaris.
Acne Scars and its types
Generally, if we consider acne scars, individual acne lesions last less than 2 weeks but if we talk about deeper papules and nodules, they may last for months or years, will be painful and may leave scars as well. Many patients who have oily skin (seborrhoea) face the problem of acne. There are several types of acne spots that occur, some of them may be inflamed papules, painful nodules, and pustules or non-inflamed pseudocysts and comedones.
Treatment for Acne Scars
The Royal Lush Skin, Hair & Laser Clinic provides different, effective and advanced treatment options to treat stubborn acne scars under the guidance of Dr. Syed Nazim Hussain, a leading dermatologist in Gurgaon & Delhi. The treatments include the following –
1. Topical treatments/Over-the-counter or prescription creams, ointments, lotions or gels: They are specifically formulated to eradicate or smoothen slight marks that are caused by wounds or minor injuries. While acne scars don’t typically fade on their own, you can get the help of topical treatments, ointments, gels that can help to reduce the appearance of acne scars by applying them daily as per the prescription by the concerned skin doctor. Keep your acne scars at bay with prescription creams, cleansers, and lotions that will ward off all the blemishes and help you to repair those acne scars you have.
2. Dermabrasion: It is a skin treatment that involves the removal of the uppermost layer of the skin which is also known as abrasion. It requires anesthesia.
3. Laser Treatment: It is a revolutionary treatment and one of the most popular options for improving the appearance of rough looking skin surface. Laser therapy is also useful for restoring sun-damaged skin, wrinkles, and aging skin. It is also an ideal solution to treat stubborn acne scars and provide the scar-free appearance and more even skin tone.
4. Punch Technique: This technique involves cosmetic surgery the doctor conducts using a punch tool for deep scars. It causes small scars on the skin of the patient. These scars are then later improved by involving scar removing procedures such as laser therapy or microdermabrasion to reduce the appearance of the acne scars.
5. Steroid injections: These injections are helpful to treat scars that stick out, such as keloids or hypertrophic scars. The doctor may use steroid injections on its own or may combine it with other treatments.
Acne Scar treatment
FAQs for Acne Scar treatment
What causes acne?
Acne is caused by two factors:
Hereditary Male hormones If either of your parents had acne then there is a chance that you will do the same. Acne does tend to run in families although it is by no means a given. In other words, it isn’t automatic that you will develop acne.
Hormones such as testosterone are responsible for the development of acne. This is especially noticeable during puberty when hormone levels rise which causes an array of changes –both mental and physical. One of these is increases sebum production from the sebaceous glands. These glands are located underneath the skin, near the hair follicles and help to lubricate these and the skin in general. It does this by secreting a type of oil called sebum.
But what happens during puberty is that increased hormone levels cause an excess of sebum to be produced which then blocks the skin pores and leads to acne. Find out more about this in our about acne section of this guide.
How is acne treated?
This depends upon the type of acne you have. A mild case can be treated using a good skin care product and washing the face twice daily.
A moderate or severe form will require a prescription medicine such as a topical cream or oral medicine. Severe forms usually involve referral to a dermatologist.
Light therapy and laser treatment are another options although you will have to pay privately for these. If your acne doesn’t respond to a home-based treatment then visit your GP.
Does stress cause acne?
No but it can worsen it. Stress affects the body in a variety of ways which includes hormone levels. It can cause hormonal changes which can lead to an overproduction of sebum which then triggers acne.
However, raised stress levels are more likely to aggravate acne. This is discussed further in our acne complications section.