In simple, warts appear as a raised bumps on our skin that are usually caused by the human papillomavirus (HPV). Warts are not considered as dangerous and harmless. They appear ugly and potentially embarrassing. It’s a contagious skin disease and appear on hands or feet. You may irritated and feel discomfort due to pain and itching.

Who gets warts?

Anyone can easily get warts but some are more targeted to get a wart virus than other people. These are the following people are teens, children, people who have a habit of biting their nails or pick at hangnails and people who are with a weakened immune system which is responsible to protect the body from infections and known as the body’s defense system.

What are the Genital Warts?

Mostly warts occur on hands or feet but in women, few strains of HPV that cause warts on, in and around their genitals. These warts can eventually lead to cervical cancer. They should need to be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible under the guidance of an experienced doctor.

What are the types of Warts?

There are five major types of warts and appear on different parts of the body and has a different appearance.

1. Common warts

Usually grow on your fingers and toes, but can appear elsewhere, no particular sites.

Rough, rounded top and grainy appearance.

They are grayer than the surrounding skin of the affected area.

2. Plantar Warts

  • They grow on the soles of the feet

  • Grow into the skin not the out of it.

  • Generally, a small hole appears in the bottom of your foot and surrounded by the hardened skin.

  • They will make you uncomfortable during walking.

3. Flat Warts

  • Usually grow on the face, arms or thighs

  • Small in size, flat top and less noticeable

  • Pink, slightly yellow, or brownish in appearance

4. Filiform warts

  • Sometimes grow on your neck or under your chin, but mostly appear around your mouth or nose.

  • Small and shaped like a tiny flap.

  • They are similar to your skin color.

5. Periungual warts

  • Usually grow under and around the toenails and fingernails.

  • Painful in nature

  • Nail growth is also being affected by periungual warts.

  • When should you see a doctor and take proper treatment?

  • When warts present on your face or on other sensitive parts of the body like mouth, genitals or nostrils.

  • When you notice signs of infection such as pus around a wart or bleeding

  • When you feel discomfort due to pain.

  • When you notice that color of the wart changes

  • When you have warts along with suffering from diabetes or an immune deficiency such as HIV/AIDS.

How to prevent warts?

There are many ways to prevent warts and stop them from spreading to other parts of the body such as:-

1. You should wash your hands regularly, especially when you have been in contact with someone who is already suffering from warts.

2. Do cover them with a bandage.

3. You should keep your hands and feet dry.