What is Sunburn?

The amount of sun exposure that is required to produce a burn varies such as

1.The amount of melanin present in the skin that is usually visible as the amount of pigmentation.

2.The ability to produce more melanin.

3.The amount of ultraviolet light in the sunlight on the day of acute over exposure.

Prevention of Sunburn

  • Avoid overexposure to the sun.

  • Wear protective clothing to protect your skin to being over exposed to the sunlight

  • Use sunscreens to protect your skin

Symptoms of sunburn may begin within one hour after the overexposure and typically reach their peak within few days approx 3 days. Coldwater compresses, icing, moisturizers, and anti-inflammatory drugs can provide comfort to patients and ease the pain until the sunburn heals.

Causes of Sunburn

When your skin is overexposed to the sun for a longer period of time than regular, eventually it starts to burn, turning red, itchy and irritated. There are  three different wavelengths of ultraviolet light that are received from the sun :

1. UVA

2. UVB

3. UVC

UVB and UVC are the two types of ultraviolet rays that not only reach to your towel but also penetrates your skin and damages the skin. UVC light doesn't reach the Earth's surface.

Signs of Sunburn:

1. Sunburn causes painful reddened skin and blisters, weakness and chills and swollen sometimes.

2.  Some may go into shock that is characterized by the low blood pressure, profound weakness, and fainting. Severe sunburn causes swelling and blisters.

3. Patients may feel like you have the flu feverish, nausea, and headache.

4. After few days, skin starts peeling and itching as your body also want to get rid off from the sun damaged cells.