When there's a damage to the deeper layer of skin (known as Dermis) is injured or damaged, the normal skin then is replaced by fibrous tissue i.e. (fibrosis). Wounds caused on the skin by various factors like accident, skin disease, surgery will leave a scar, however, the degree of scarring will vary according to the severity of the accident/disease and the incision made during the surgery. There will be structural changes in the skin when a scar occurs due to the replacement of normal skin by fibrosis as discussed earlier. Scarring is usually a natural process of healing the damaged or injured skin.
Types of Scars:
1. Acne Scar
These are the scars which take place after the chronic acne. Acne scars are of different types ranging from deep pits to scars that are wavelike or angular in appearance. Acne scars differ in their size, depth, and type.
2. Atrophic Scar
Atrophic scars are depressed, serrated or flat against the upper layer of the skin and have pitted appearance. Often such type of scarring is also considered as hyperpigmentation, which is a skin condition where the certain areas of skin develop darker tone as compared to the other surrounding areas. These scars are caused when underlying structures supporting the skin, such as fat or muscle, are lost.
3. Contracture scar
It occurs when the patient gets burnt and these scars tighten the affected skin which makes it difficult for the patient to move the particular body part. Contracture scars may also go deeper, affect muscles and nerves and could also disturb their normal functioning.
4. Hypertrophic scar
These are elevated, raised in appearance and red coloured scars, much similar to keloid scars but do not go beyond the boundary of the injury and are bound only to the injured area. Hypertrophic scars occur because of the excess tissue that develops over the skin openings caused by infections or wounds.
5. Keloid Scars
Keloid scars result when the skin goes through the overly aggressive healing process of a wound. It results in clustered and thick scar that appears darker than the surrounding area of the skin. Basically, Keloids are caused by injuries, particularly when our body secretes excess collagen even after the original wound of an injury has healed and closed. It may affect the movement of the affected body part/area.
Treatment for Scars:
The Royal Lush Skin, Hair & Laser Clinic provides different advanced treatment options for scars under the guidance of Dr. Syed.
1. Topical treatments/Over-the-counter or prescription creams, ointments, lotions or gels that are specifically formulated to eradicate or smoothen slight marks that are caused by wounds or minor
2. Skin Grafting is a surgical method where the surgeon takes the skin from other parts of the body and transplants it to the damaged, scarred area. Skin grafting is a popular process used for treating patients with burns.
3. Dermabrasion is a skin treatment that involves the removal of the uppermost layer of the skin. Also, known as abrasion, this treatment is very painful and requires anesthesia. This treatment is not effective for the treatment of sunken scars.
4. Laser Treatment is one of the famous options for improving the appearance of rough looking skin surface. Laser therapy is also useful for restoring sun-damaged skin, wrinkles and aging skin.
5. Punch Technique involves cosmetic surgery the doctor conducts using a punch tool for deep scars. It causes small scars on the skin. These scars are later improved by using other scar removing procedures such as laser therapy or microdermabrasion.
6. Steroid injections to treat scars that stick out, such as keloids or hypertrophic scars. Doctor may use this on its own or with other treatments. Silicone sheets to flatten the scar
7. Smaller keloids can be treated using cryotherapy (freezing therapy using liquid nitrogen)