Melasma is a common skin condition that causes dark and discolored patches on your skin. In general, it is also known as chloasma, or the “mask of pregnancy,”, when it occurs in pregnant women. If we notice, this skin condition is much more common in women than men, though men can get it too. Melasma causes gray-brown patches that usually appear on the face, most of the people get it on their cheeks, forehead, chin, bridge of their nose, and above their upper lip too.
What are the symptoms of Melasma?
1. Melasma causes gray-brown patches and these patches are darker than your typical skin color.
2. In general, brownish colored dark patches usually appear on cheeks, forehead, bridge of the nose and chin.
3. It can also appear on other parts of the body that are overexposed to the sun, such as the forearms and neck.
4. Melasma doesn’t do any physical harm but patients may feel self-conscious about their appearance.
What are the causes and risk factors of Melasma?
There are no specific causes that trigger melasma but darker skinned individuals are at more risk as compared to fair skinned individuals.
Progesterone and Estrogen sensitivity are associated with this skin condition. Hormone therapy, birth control pills, and pregnancy all can trigger melasma.
Diseases like thyroid and stress have also known as the most common causes of melasma.
Sun exposure can also cause melasma because the UV rays affect the cells that control pigment known as melanocytes.
Sun protection is one of the most common treatments for melasma. Applying sunscreen creams before the exposure to the sun is the best way to prevent melasma. Melasma can be treated with the guidance of an experienced dermatologist and his/her prescribed medication. Prescribed lotions and creams can be helpful to lighten the skin and doctor might also prescribe topical steroids to lighten the affected areas. If these treatments don't work; chemical peels, microdermabrasion, and dermabrasion are the possible options. Dr. Syed with his team of skilled and trained doctors determine the best possible treatment to give you the spots-free skin and beautiful appearance.