Fungal Nail Infections Diseases

Fungal Nail Infections Diseases

The nails that protect the skin and tissue of your fingers and toes are made up of hardened keratin. Keratin is the same protein found in your hair and skin that is why nail diseases like fungal infections and nail diseases are treated by dermatologists. Fungal infections may affect the nail and the skin under the nail.

Kind of nail diseases

1. White spots that emerge on the nails following an injury.

2. Vertical lines which are known medically as splinter hemorrhages. These appear under the nails and often follow an injury. They also can be caused by certain medications or diseases.

3. Bacterial infections: Infections are typically the result of any injury, but there are other reasons as well such as poor hygiene, excessive nail-biting or frequent water exposure.

4. Ingrown toenails: This is a common and painful problem that can be the result of improper nail clipping, digestive issues, and tight shoes.

Causes of Nail Infection

  • Nail growth may be affected by the disease, nutrition, medications, trauma, chronic illnesses, fever, and the aging process.

  • They occur more often in toenails because toes are confined in the dark, the warm and moist environment that exists inside your shoes.

  • Toes have less blood flow than fingers, which makes it harder for your body’s immune system to find and stop the infection.

Signs & Symptoms of nail surface fungal infections are:

  • Changes in color.

  • Changes in shape.

  • Changes in nail thickness.

  • The swollen skin around your nails.

  • Pain or bleeding or discharge.

  • Thinning or thickening of the nails

  • White spots or streaks on the nail surface

  • Softened nail surface due to infection worsens.

  • Grey or brown discoloration

  • Crumbly nail surface

Distal Fungal Infections

Distal fungal infections are different than other present fungal infections, they affect the nail surface and the underlying tissue (nail bed), or skin underneath the nail. Distal infections are known by:

  • White or yellow streaks on the nail and underneath the nail which is called as ‘lateral onychomycosis’.

  • Discoloration of the affected nail.

  • Thickening of the affected nail.

  • Broken and Brittle nail.

Patients seek the expertise and guidance of the dermatologist because it’s very important to treat yeast and bacteria like other microorganisms that can infect nails and may also worsen the existing infection.

Signs & Symptoms of nail infections are:

  • Over-the-counter medications for mild infections.

  • Oral antifungal medications like Lamisil for moderate to severe cases. These medications come in pill form and help a new nail to grow and replace the infected nail.

  • Topical medications like Jublia that are applied directly to the nail and fight the fungus at the site of the infection.

  • If you have a bacterial nail infection or both a bacterial and a fungal infection, the dermatologist may prescribe an antibiotic medication, as well.

  • In the rarest severe cases, the dermatologist may need or suggest to remove an infected nail to treat the infection and cure fungal infections.

Note:- The treatment for nail infections is often lengthy and requires a series of sittings. Patients should be sure to complete the prescribed treatment sessions on time; otherwise, the infections are likely to reappear.